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Regions Of Turkey

Hello everyone

As promised, I will explain the different regions of Turkey for you. Many foreigners do not know much about living or working in Turkey before coming here -or read disinformation- resulting in disappointment.

Let me start by explaining Turkey's geography and climate. The Western side is very moderate because of the proximity to the Aegean and Marmara seas . The weather is not too cold in the Winter, hence tourists like the Aegean and Mediterranean seaside cities as they are very comfortable for living in them year round.

Mediterranean cities such as Mersin, Antalya, Muğla and Aegean cities such as İzmir and Balıkesir are very sought after by expats. Except for Izmir, industries in these coastal cities have not developed very well, and their economies depend mainly on tourism, port services, and agriculture. If you want to work when you come to Turkey, you should consider this, as there are opportunities in these sectors. As you travel West from the Aegean Sea you can find improved industrial cities such as Manisa, Denizli, and others.

The heart of industrial development in Turkey is the Marmara Region (Bursa, İstanbul and Kocaeli). Its climate is similar to that of the Aegean region. Not too cold in winter, and humid in summer. Sea, airline and road transportation lines are very well developed. Recently, the Turkish government invested in the modernization of the railway system, including modern high speed trains. If you want to live and work in Turkey, you have better chances to find a job in this region.

Bursa and Kocaeli are textile and automotive industry centers. Both cities enjoy green nature and a warm climate thanks to their location on the shores of the Sea of Marmara.

Yalova, located between three huge cities (Bursa-Istanbul-Kocaeli) is the smallest city in this region. It is very calm, improved, has good schools, moderate climate, and tourist attractions such as geothermal waters, beaches, forests. Life is good there. You can travel to the metropolis in just 45 min yet escape the crowds when you get bored.

On the Northern side there are many cities and towns that border the Black Sea. People -especially from the Gulf countries- have recently discovered and settled in places such as Samsun, Trabzon, and Rize. Many of the beaches in these cities are not desirable or appropriate for bathing due to the geographic structure of Black Sea. Tableland tourism is developed there and it is also very green. But people are not moderate like in the western side.

The Central Anatolian region also has developed its industries. Kayseri, Konya, GaziAntep lead the Turkish heavy industries sector. Climate is dry and hot in the summer, yet cold and snowy in the winter. Living is not expensive in comparison to Istanbul and Real Estate is cheap. If you want to live and work in Turkey you should also consider these cities.

Finally we have Istanbul. Istanbul produces 40% of Turkey's gross domestic product (GDP) yet accounts for only 20% of the country’s population. Many people think that Istanbul is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. I want to explain which district you should choose to live in Istanbul.

The Bosphorous River is the heart and center of Istanbul and its most expensive area, especially the nicer towns along the river such as Beşiktaş Kadıköy Üsküdar Beyoğlu, etc. On the Asian Side, Kadıköy, Üsküdar and Beykoz (on the northern portion) are very moderate, and not too expensive when compared to the European coast of the Bosphorous. Europen side neighborhoods such as Şişli, Beşiktaş, Beyoğlu, and Levent are the center of the business world in Turkey. Northern side of Bosphorous region, Sarıyer, Beykoz, Şile are very green and calm areas.

Istanbul’s population is split between 1/3 living on Asian Side and 2/3 living on the European side. Expatriates mainly live in western districts such as Esenyurt, Beylikdüzü, Başakşehir, etc. These planned urbanization districts are very crowded but not as bad as other districts in Istanbul. Investment in the transportation sector is very good in places, resulting in modern metro and airport roads recently. Many industries and businesses have offices in the western side of Istanbul.

When it comes to the Asian region, it is not crowded like the European side. Seaside districts like Kadıköy, Maltepe, Kartal, and Pendik are very good. Ataşehir has no coast but is very luxurious and well planned. If you work in the European side, it would be difficult and expensive to live in the Asian side.

Many parents ask about schools . You can find international private or government schools in nearly all cities, especially in western cities. The National Health System is very developed in Turkey. You can purchase government insurance for very little money. You can find a job on www.kariyer.net, www.iyibiris.com and other websites and apps. But I strongly recommend learning Turkish. The key of Turkish language is "grammar rules.”It is like math. You should learn additional language structure.

I, as a real estate and investment consultant, intend to light the way for expatriates. I hope this post will benefit all. Thanks. 

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

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